The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 since its emergence at Wuhan, China in December 2019 has been creating global health turmoil despite extensive containment measures and has resulted in the present pandemic COVID-19. Although the virus and its interaction with the host have been thoroughly characterized, effective treatment regimens beyond symptom-based care and repurposed therapeutics could not be identified. Various countries have successfully developed vaccines to curb the disease-transmission and prevent future outbreaks. Vaccination-drives are being conducted on a war-footing, but the process is time-consuming, especially in the densely populated regions of the world. Bioinformaticians and computational biologists have been playing an efficient role in this state of emergency to escalate clinical research and therapeutic development. However, there are not many reviews available in the literature concerning COVID-19 and its management. Hence, we have focused on designing a comprehensive review on in-silico approaches concerning COVID-19 to discuss the relevant bioinformatics and computational resources, tools, patterns of research, outcomes generated so far and their future implications to efficiently model data based on epidemiology; identify drug targets to design new drugs; predict epitopes for vaccine design and conceptualize diagnostic models. Artificial intelligence/machine learning can be employed to accelerate the research programs encompassing all the above urgent needs to counter COVID-19 and similar outbreaks.
In-silico strategies to combat COVID-19: A comprehensive review￼
Are laboratory-made, COVID-19-specific monoclonal antibodies an effective treatment for COVID-19?