Early prediction of COVID-19 in-hospital mortality relies usually on patients’ preexisting comorbidities and is rarely reproducible in independent cohorts. We wanted to compare the role of routinely measured biomarkers of immunity, inflammation, and cellular damage with preexisting comorbidities in eight different machine-learning models to predict mortality, and evaluate their performance in an independent population. We recruited and followed-up consecutive adult patients with SARS-Cov-2 infection in two different Italian hospitals. We predicted 60-day mortality in one cohort (development dataset, n = 299 patients, of which 80% was allocated to the development dataset and 20% to the training set) and retested the models in the second cohort (external validation dataset, n = 402).
Immune and cellular damage biomarkers to predict COVID-19 mortality in hospitalized patients
Novel ACE2 protein interactions relevant to COVID-19 predicted by evolutionary rate correlations